There are two main types of spinal cord injuries: complete and incomplete. Both may be serious, requiring medical care, but the difference between them is crucial for recovery.
A complete spinal cord injury means no feeling or movement below the point where the injury occurred (paraplegia) or paralysis of all four limbs (quadriplegia). Some patients may regain some ability over time as they recover from surgery. The extent of recovery varies according to age and overall health at the time of injury, among other things.
This is when the spinal cord is damaged, but there is some function below the level of injuries, such as muscle weakness or partial paralysis. The body and brain can still communicate along certain pathways. Incomplete injuries may improve over time with therapy and recovery.
There are three main types of spinal injuries, including:
This type of injury affects upper motor neuron pathways and interrupts communication between the brain and muscles in the arms and hands. It occurs when there is damage to the front part of your spinal cord (called the anterior horn). This can cause weakness or paralysis in one or both arms, but not both legs. The best treatment for this condition is physical therapy, strengthening affected muscles.
Damage to this artery causes damage to the center portion of the spinal cord while leaving the lateral portions intact. This usually results in numbness or tingling and loss of motor function below the injury level. In some cases, there may also be loss of sensation and bowel or bladder control below the injury level.
This is a rare type of damage to the spinal cord that results from trauma or surgery on one side of the body. A lesion occurs in one hemisphere of the spinal cord and causes weakness or paralysis on that side of the body. The other hemisphere is unaffected by this injury.
The first step in determining liability for a spinal cord injury is whether someone’s negligence caused the injury. For example, if you were injured in an auto accident, the driver could be held liable for your injuries.
Here are some possible liabilities in the case of spinal injuries:
If a product has defective design, manufacturing, or labeling and someone is injured due to that defect, then the victim may have a viable product liability claim. In this case, the victim can seek compensation for their medical expenses and other damages associated with their injury.
Doctors may be found negligent if they have not followed accepted standards of care or if they have not properly diagnosed the patient’s injuries. In some cases, a doctor’s negligence could lead to serious injuries like paralysis and even wrongful death.
Employer negligence often involves construction workers who have been injured while working with heavy machinery or other dangerous tools. In some cases, an employer may be held liable if they fail to provide adequate training or proper safety equipment for the employees while working on a project.